Bartsch F, Cumming BG, Butts DA (2022) Model-based characterization of the selectivity of neurons in primary visual cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology 128: 350-363. [Journal website]

Liska JP, Rowley DP, Nguyen TTK, Muthmann JO, Butts DA, Yates JL, Huk AC (2022) Running modulates primate and rodent visual cortex via common mechanism but quantitatively distinct implementation. bioRvix 2022.06.13.495712

Talluri BC, Kang I, Lazere A, Quinn KR, Kaliss N, Yates JL, Butts DA, Nienborg H (2022) Activity in primate visual cortex is minimally driven by spontaneous movements. bioRvix 2022.09.08.507006


Yates JL, Coop S, Wu RJ, Butts DA, Rucci M, Mitchell JF (2021) Beyond Fixation: detailed characterization of neural selectivity in free-viewing primates. bioRxiv 2021.11.06.467566

Quinn KR, Seiller L, Butts DA, Nienborg H (2021) Task-selective feedback in visual cortex lacks spatial selectivity. Nature Communications 12: 4473. [Open access, Data and Code]


Whiteway MR, Averbeck B, Butts DA (2020) A latent variable approach to decoding neural population activity. bioRxiv: 896423. [Link]


Butts DA (2019) Data-driven approaches to understanding visual neuron activity. Annual Review of Vision Science 5: 451-77. [Link to journal, Preprint]

Whiteway MR, Butts DA (2019) The quest for interpretable models of neural population activity. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 58: 86-93. [PDF]

Whiteway MR, Socha K, Bonin V, Butts DA (2019) Characterizing the nonlinear structure of shared variability in cortical neuron populations using latent variable models. Neurons, Behavior, Data Analysis, and Theory [Article, PDF]

Liu J, Whiteway MR, Sheikhattar A, Butts DA, Babadi B, Kanold PO (2019) Parallel Processing of Sound Dynamics across Mouse Auditory Cortex via Spatially Patterned Thalamic Inputs and Distinct Areal Intracortical Circuits. Cell Reports 27: 872-85. [PDF]

Shi Q, Gupta P, Boukhvalova A, Singer JH, Butts DA (2019) Functional characterization of retinal ganglion cells using tailored nonlinear modeling. Scientific Reports 9: 8713. [PDF, Code]


Henriksen S, Butts DA, Read JCA, Cumming BG (2018) Current models cannot account for V1's specialisation for binocular natural image statistics. bioRxiv: 497008. [Preprint]

Socha K, Whiteway MR, Butts DA, Bonin V (2018) Behavioral response to visual motion impacts population coding in the mouse visual thalamus. bioRvix.org. [Preprint]


Cui Y, Liu L, McFarland JM, Pack CC, Butts DA (in prep) Delta-band oscillations correlate with perceptual decisions and decision-related activity of sensory neurons. [See SFN 2014 poster]

Rourke OLC, Butts DA (2017) Cortical computations via transient attractors. PLoS One 12: e0188562. [Journal website]

Whiteway MR, Butts DA (2017) Revealing unobserved factors underlying cortical activity using a rectified latent variable model applied to neural population recordings. Journal of Neurophysiology 117: 919-36. [Journal website]

Liu J, Whiteway MR, Butts DA, Kanold PO (2017) Spatial organization of the mouse auditory cortex to sound dynamics revealed using automated image segmentation. bioRvix.org. [Preprint]


Cui Y, Wang YV, Park SSH, Demb JB*, Butts DA* (2016) Divisive suppression explains high-precision firing and contrast adaptation in retinal ganglion cells. eLife 5: e19460. [PDF]

Butts DA, Cui Y, Casti ARR (2016) Nonlinear computation shaping temporal processing of pre-cortical vision. Journal of Neurophysiology 116: 1344-57. [Journal website]

McFarland JM, Cumming BG, Butts DA (2016) Variability and correlations in primary visual cortical neurons driven by fixational eye movements. Journal of Neuroscience 36: 6225-41. [Journal website]

Cui Y, Liu L, McFarland JM, Pack CC, Butts DA (2016) Inferring cortical variability from local field potentials. Journal of Neuroscience 36: 4121-4135. [Journal website; also see SFN 2014 poster]


McFarland JM, Bondy AG, Saunders R, Cumming BG*, Butts DA* (2015) Saccadic modulation of stimulus processing in primary visual cortex. Nature Communications 6: 8110. [Full text]


McFarland JM, Bondy AG, Cumming BG, Butts DA (2014) High-resolution eye tracking using V1 neuron activity. Nature Communications 5: 4605. [Online] [Code<\a>]

Choi H, Zhang L, Cembrowski MS, Sabottke CM, Markowitz A, Butts DA, Kath WL, Singer JH, Riecke H (2014) Intrinsic bursting of AII amacrine cells underlies oscillations in the rd1 mouse retina. Journal of Neurophysiology 112: 1491-504.

Ahn J, Kreeger LJ, Lubejko ST, Butts DA, MacLeod KM (2014) Heterogeneity of intrinsic biophysical properties among cochlear nucleus neurons improves the population coding of temporal information. Journal of Neurophysiology 111: 2320-31.


Cui Y, Liu L, Khawaja FA, Pack CC, Butts DA (2013) Diverse suppressive influences in area MT and selectivity to complex motion features. Journal of Neuroscience 33: 16715-28. [PDF]

McFarland JM, Cui Y, Butts DA (2013) Inferring nonlinear neuronal computation based on physiologically plausible inputs. PLoS Computational Biology 9: e1003143. [PDF] [Code]

Lochmann T, Blanche TJ, Butts DA (2013) Pooling of local features as a basis for direction selectivity in the primary visual cortex. PLoS One 8: e58666. [PDF]


Schinkel-Bielefeld N, David SV, Shamma SA, Butts DA (2012) Inferring the role of inhibition in auditory processing of complex natural stimuli. Journal of Neurophysiology 107: 3296. [PDF]

Mineault PJ*, Khawaja FA*, Butts DA, Pack CC (2012) Hierarchical processing of complex motion along the primate dorsal visual pathway. PNAS 109: E972.


Butts DA, Weng C, Jin JZ, Alonso JM, Paninski L (2011) Temporal precision in the visual pathway through the interplay of excitation and stimulus-driven suppression. Journal of Neuroscience 31: 11313-27. [PDF]

Xu HP, Furman M, Mineur YS, Chen H, King SL, Zenisek D, Zhou ZJ, Butts DA, Tian N, Picciotto, MR, Crair MC (2011). An instructive role for patterned spontaneous retinal activity in mouse visual map development. Neuron 70: 1115-27.


Butts DA, Desbordes G, Weng C, Jin JZ, Alonso JM, Stanley GB (2010) The episodic nature of spike trains in the early visual pathway. Journal of Neurophysiology 104: 3371-87. [PDF]

Butts DA, Kanold PO (2010) The applicability of spike time dependent plasticity to development. Frontiers in Synaptic Neuroscience 2: 30. [Full text]

Selected earlier work

Butts DA, Weng C, Jin JZ, Yeh CI, Lesica NA, Alonso JM, Stanley GB (2007) Temporal precision in the neural code and the time scales of natural vision. Nature 449: 92-5. [PDF, Sup1]

Butts DA, Kanold PO, Shatz CJ (2007) A burst-based “Hebbian” learning rule at retinogeniculate synapses links retinal waves to activity-dependent refinement. PLoS Biology 5: e61. [Full text]

Butts DA, Goldman MS (2006) Tuning Curves, Neuronal Variability, and Sensory Coding. PLoS Biology 4: e92. [Full text, Featured writeup]

Butts DA (2003) How much the information associated with a particular stimulus? Network: Computation in Neural Systems 14: 177-187. [PDF]

Butts DA (2002) Retinal Waves: Implications for developmental learning rules. The Neuroscientist 8: 243-253. [PDF]

Butts DA, Rokhsar DS (2001) The information content of spontaneous retinal waves. Journal of Neuroscience 21: 961-973. [PDF]

Butts DA, Feller MB, Shatz CJ, Rokhsar DS (1999) Retinal waves are governed by collective network properties. Journal of Neuroscience 19: 3580-93. [PDF]

Butts DA, Rokhsar DS (1999) Predicted signatures of rotating Bose-Einstein condensates. Nature 397: 327. [PDF, News&Views, Suppl. movie]